OK, don't let the title of this verbal brawl sway you either way. Both forms of suspension have their ups and downs. Yes, hydraulics have their ups and we're about to show them to you. We ask you to clear your brain and start from scratch with some current info and myth-busting data. We feel a lot of mini-truckers will be quick to put hydraulics on blast, as they are more familiar with air. We are here to tell you, and show you, that air and juice both have their place in the mini-truck mecca. Keep in mind, we are addressing most of the pros and cons based upon the most common setups.
Long the favorite of the average mini-trucker, the airbag is a staple of the mini-truck community. Airbags offer a good ride, and an even better ride when used with shocks and placed in the correct location to adequately compress the bag enough to get full suspension usage.
Proof of reliability: Airbags...
Proof of reliability: Airbags are used in everything from freight trucks, tow pigs, trains, and OEM vehicles.
Hydraulics have been used on OEM vehicles since '55 and on lowriders since God knows when. They were the first form of adjustable suspension used on customs but took their direction more into the lowrider world. With the use of absurd coil springs, lowriders would make their vehicles hop to new heights and broken ball joints.
As you can see, hydros pimped...
As you can see, hydros pimped women back in the day too.
Proof of reliability:
Hydraulic suspensions have been used in production vehicles such as the Citroen. In '55, Citroen's Traction Avant was presented to the automobile world with height-adjustable hydraulic suspension. The MGF roadster, Austin Rover, and Metro have all used hydragas suspension, which is similar to but a more unorthodox method of hydraulics. Also, everything from heavy machinery, amusement park rides, and tractors uses hydraulics.
An airbag naturally gives to provide suspension. The main key to a good ride in an air system would be to take the airbags' weight-handling capabilities into account and position them to get adequate pressure to make them act correctly. Add that with shocks and your ride should roll smoother than stock. In order to make an air system reliable, the most important and overlooked aspects would be keeping water out of the system, keeping the bags from rubbing anything, keeping air line isolated from heat, and running a heavy enough gauge of wire for your compressor.Airbag - The advantages of an airbag to a hydraulic cylinder is that it has a superior collapsed-to-lift ratio of up to four times as well as being able to act as a spring. The disadvantages are the diameter of the bag as well as the rubber's inability to handle constant rubbing, which would lead to a blowout.
Airbag - The advantages of...
Airbag - The advantages of an airbag to a hydraulic cylinder is that it has a superior collapsed-to-lift ratio of up to four times as well as being able to act as a spring. The disadvantages are the diameter of the bag as well as the rubber's inability to handle constant rubbing, which would lead to a blowout.
Compressors - A compressor...
Compressors - A compressor would be equivalent to a hydraulic pump. The air tank (or tanks) is filled with one or multiple compressors to give you air on demand. Problem is that they take a while to fill your tank and are pretty hard on your battery and alternator when used with a multiple compressor setup.
Air line - Air line is nice...
Air line - Air line is nice because it's easily prepared with simple tools. Air line is usually plastic or some sort of poly, so it isn't that susceptible to exhaust heat.
Air System as a Whole:
Pros: Air stains are easily removed, air gauge gives you an idea of ride height, easier to set up for a decent ride.
Cons: Air leaks are harder to find, air tanks are not space savers, regular air tanks are low pressure and have to be constantly refilled, if you have nitrogen you have to take the bottle to be filled, air is loud.
In hydraulics, the misconception is that they ride horribly. Hydraulics are made to handle such extreme conditions that they are rated for thousands more pounds than an automobile could deliver. They are used in every commercial application known to man. A new high-tech hydraulic suspension has even been used by the Spanish company Creuat for a racecar for the 24 hours of Lemans, the most enduring race in the world. The problem is that they don't give whatsoever. So in order for a hydraulic system to ride smoothly, the key will be to build a functional suspension around it. In order to achieve this, springs, accumulators, and shocks would be used. For dependability, we'll show you the latest and greatest that CCE has to offer.
Hydraulic System as a Whole:
Pros: Faster speed is as easy as adding more voltage (i.e., more batteries), made to handle extreme pressure, same ride quality at all heights.
Cons: Hydraulic fluid costs money, oil stains, have to replace seals, you need to store multiple pumps and batteries, no gauge of height, batteries are heavy, batteries have to be charged often.
Hydraulic line - Hydraulic...
Hydraulic line - Hydraulic line used in automotive applications runs up to 4,000 psi and has steel braided reinforcement; heat is not an obstacle. The thickness of the line is larger than air line and can be tough to run. It's more expensive and has to be prepared by a shop with the correct tools.Hydraulic cylinder - Hydraulic cylinders are made to handle extreme pressure and can withstand a beating. They are made of hardened steel and can rub on pretty much anything within reason.
Hydraulic Cylinder - Hydraulic...
Hydraulic Cylinder - Hydraulic cylinders are made to handle extreme pressure and can withstand a beating. They are made of hardened steel and can rub on pretty much anything within reason.
Dumps - There aren't as many...
Dumps - There aren't as many standard dumps in the automotive market, but they are tried and true. If it isn't broke, don't fix it. High-end dumps can become very costly but aren't needed in standard applications.
In the image here, the nitrogen gas is represented in red and the LHM fluid is represented in green. The fluid basically pushes the balloon and allows the fluid in the cylinder to give. This is the hydro-pneumatic equivalent to the spring being compressed and then rebounding. The pressure of the gas is the equivalent to the spring weight.
Air System Durability Tips:
Make sure to run a complete air system, not just the basics; you'll regret it. This means, run check valves to make sure your truck doesn't air out when you don't want it to. Always run a water trap to keep moisture out of your system. (Moisture will ruin your system quicker than anything.) Be sure to route your lines intelligently, and if money permits it, hard-lining your system is rock solid.
Air systems can tend to sway if you run only four solenoids; run eight for a complete system. Aluminum or ceramic-coated tanks are a good way to avoid rust in your system. Last but not least, for all you snow bunnies: If you're having problems with frozen valves, add air brake antifreeze. It helps to absorb condensation and fights corrosion in your system. It's similar to rubbing alcohol.
Hydro System Durability Tips:
Not as many people are informed with the hydraulic innovations as of late. For example, CCE has new super cylinders that add a poly pack seal as well as a Teflon seal to accompany the standard dual O-ring setup. This is said to get you up to four times the use without blowing seals.
In order to stop your charging woes, get a Streetcharger, which charges your batteries as you drive. The same as air, you can hard-line your setup for the ultimate in cool and durability. Beware of used hydraulics! It seems that more than half of the people that have had bad experiences with hydraulics were involved with a used set of non-rebuilt hydraulics.